In the cold, early morning of the last day of 1862, a battle erupted between two American armies totaling more than 80,000 men. The small town of Murfeeesboro, Tennessee was about to become a major battlefield.
The Battle of Stones River was one of the bloodiest of the war. More than 3,000 men lay dead on the field. Nearly 16,000 more were wounded. Some of these men spent as much as seven agonizing days on the battlefield before help could reach them. The two armies sustained nearly 24,000 casualties, which was almost one-third of the 81,000 men engaged.
- Friends of Stones River National Battlefield, s.v. "Saving the Past for the Future" http://www.friendsofstonesriver.org/ (accessed November 16, 2009).
- Stones River National Battlefield, s.v. "Stones River - National Park Service" http://www.nps.gov/stri/index.htm/ (accessed November 16, 2009).
- Civil War Album, s.v. "Stones River, a Virtual Tour" http://www.civilwaralbum.com/stonesriver/index.htm (accessed November 16, 2009).
- Stones River National Battlefield and Cemetery, Digital Format, Original photographs taken and belonging to Judith Richards Shubert, Labor Day, 2006.